Sports Summary

Since its debut on the Paralympic Programme at the Lillehammer 1994 Winter Paralympics, Ice Hockey has quickly become one of the largest attractions for spectators at the Winter Paralympics. It is fast-paced, highly physical and played by male athletes with a physical impairment in the lower part of the body. It follows the rules of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) with modifications. Instead of skates, players use two-blade sledges that allow the puck to pass beneath. Players use two sticks, which have a spike-end for pushing and a blade-end for shooting.

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Events & Disciplines

An 8-team tournament contested by both male and female athletes.


Who is eligible for Ice Hockey?

Athletes with a physical impairment (such as limb loss or limb deficiency, spinal cord injury or nerve damage, cerebral palsy).

What are the classes?

Eligible: Athletes with a permanent physical impairment in the lower part of the body that means that the athlete is unable to compete in standing ice-hockey.

How do I get a classification?

Contact us via for more information.

More info: Para-ice hockey Classification Information Sheet (updated Nov 2019)

Rules & Equipment

Protective Gear

Because of the physical nature of the game, all players are required to wear a helmet with a full cage or mask as well as a protective collar or bib. Players are also encouraged to wear protective padding, including shoulder pads, shin guards, elbow pads and large padded gloves. In addition, the goalkeeper wears leg pads, body pads, a helmet with a visor and a catcher glove to protect the athlete from pucks flying up to 100 km/h.


Made of vulcanised rubber or any other approved material, the puck is 2.54cm thick, with a diameter of 7.62cm and weighs 156 to 170 grams.


Made of aluminium or steel, sledges are 0.6m to 1.2m in length with a curved front end and one of two different seating systems. The sledge is set on two blades, which are usually made of tempered steel and are each 3 mm thick. The puck must be able to pass underneath the sledge. The height of the main frame must be between 8.5cm to 9.5cm above the ice, and the length of the blade may not be more than one-third of the total length of the sledge. The sledge may be equipped with a backrest, but it must not protrude laterally beyond the armpits when the player is properly seated. Straps secure a player’s feet, ankles, knees and hips to the sledge.


The word Hockey comes from the French word hocquet, which means hooked stick. In Ice Sledge Hockey, players use two sticks with a hooked wooden blade at one end (for puck handling and ambidextrous shooting) and a pick at the other end. Each stick has a maximum length of 1m and is made of wood, plastic or aluminium/titanium. The blade has a maximum length of 25cm, except for the goaltender’s blade, which has a maximum length of 35cm. The pick end of the stick must not damage the ice surface or inadvertently puncture or slash other players, so the following rules apply:

  • No part of the pick or teeth may come to a sharp point.
  • The pick must not extend more than 1cm anywhere beyond the stick.
  • The pick must have at least six teeth, each with a maximum length of 4mm.

The goaltender may have an additional pick at the base end of his stick. The goaltender may also use an additional stick with a blade or a trapper glove with teeth.