Sports Summary

Boccia has been a Paralympic sport since the 1984 Stoke Mandeville/New York, Paralympic Games.

Boccia is played by athletes with a significant physical impairment affecting all four limbs.

Athletes compete in singles, pairs and teams events.

Boccia is played indoors and tests competitors’ degree of muscle control and accuracy. Competing in wheelchairs, athletes throw, kick or use a ramp device to propel leather balls as close as possible to a white ball called the ‘jack’. There are six red and six blue balls to indicate which team is playing.

For more information on Boccia Eligibility and How to Get Involved please see the Boccia Information Sheet (PDF – 94KB) – updated August 2021.

Events & Disciplines

Players compete in singles, pairs and teams events.

Classification

Boccia is open to athletes with a significant physical impairment affecting all four limbs. Athletes are required to submit medical reports and meet the minimum impairment criteria in order to compete. Eligibility is determined by trained Classifiers.

For more information on Eligible Impairments and Classification please see the Boccia Information Sheet (PDF – 94KB) – updated August 2021.

Rules & Equipment

Balls:

A boccia ball is made of natural or synthetic leather and is slightly bigger than a tennis ball. Any ball will be accepted for play from any manufacturer providing it weighs 275g (+/- 12g) and measures 270mm in circumference (+/- 8mm). There are six red and six blue balls to indicate which team is playing, and one white ball called the ‘jack’.

Court:

A boccia court measures 12.5m long by 6m wide. The throwing area is split into six rectangles, and there are lines shaped like a ‘V’ which the ball must cross for a throw to be valid. A cross marks the position where the jack must be placed if it touches or crosses the boundary line, or in the event of a tiebreaker. The surface of the court is flat and smooth.

Dead ball container:

A dead ball container is placed at the end of the court. A ball is ‘dead’ if it is thrown after the time limit or out of the court, or if an athlete makes a rule violation during their throw.

Measuring device:

A measuring device is used to accurately measure the distance of each ball from the jack.

Medal History

YearGoldSilverBronzetotal
19960011

Contacts

We encourage those wishing to explore boccia to contact their state federation in the first instance. The national federation link below provides information on the national high performance program leading to competing internationally and at the Paralympic Games.

National Federation
OrganisationWebsite
Boccia Australiaboccia.com.au/home
State Federations
StateOrganisationWebsite
ACTACT Bocciarevolutionise.com.au/bocciaact
NSWBoccia NSWrevolutionise.com.au/bocciansw
QLDSporting Wheelies and Disabled Associationsportingwheelies.org.au/?s=boccia
SABoccia SArevolutionise.com.au/bocciasa
TASBoccia TASrevolutionise.com.au/bocciatas/
VICBoccia VICboccia.com.au/get-involved/Victoria/
facebook.com/bocciavic
WABoccia WAwadsa.org.au/wd_activity/boccia-wa/