Sports Summary

Wheelchair tennis first appeared at the Barcelona 1992 Paralympic Games. Its rules are similar to Olympic doubles tennis, in that the ball is allowed to bounce twice, but at least one bounce must be inside the court.

Athletes who are eligible to compete must have permanent substantial or total loss of function in one or both legs. In the quad division, players must have an impairment in three or more limbs.

The events are singles (between two players) and doubles (between two pairs). The winner of a match is determined by the first to win two sets.


Events & Disciplines

Men’s, women’s and quad singles and doubles events are contested at the Paralympic Games.


Who is eligible to compete in wheelchair tennis?

Athletes with a physical impairment, who have significant or total loss of function in one or both legs due to conditions including spinal cord injury, nerve damage, limb loss or deficiency, cerebral palsy and other lower limb impairments

What are the classes?

There are two classes in wheelchair tennis – Open and Quad.

More info: Wheelchair Tennis Classification Information Sheet (Updated Jan 2020)

How do I get classified?

Request a classification here.


Rules & Equipment


A ball is made of two elastic hemispheres joined together and covered by a layer of wool and synthetic threads. Its colour must be yellow or white.


The first tennis rackets were wooden, and strings were made of ewe bowels. Tennis rackets today are made of technologically advanced material like graphite, with strings made of synthetic threads. Players may use a strap to help them hold the racket.


Wheelchair tennis chairs are lighter than most wheelchairs, to increase speed and manoeuvrability.


In singles competition, the court is 23.77m by 8.23m, and in doubles competition, it is 23.77m by 10.97m. The same court can be marked for singles and doubles. It is divided into two halves by a net, which extends at a height of 0.914m at its centre and 1.07m at its sides. There are four types of courts – clay, grass, hard and carpet.

Medal History

Year Gold Silver Bronze total
2016 2 0 0 2
2004 0 1 2 3
2000 1 2 0 3
1996 0 1 1 2
1988 0 1 0 1


We encourage those wishing to explore wheelchair tennis to contact their state federation in the first instance. The national federation link below provides information on the national high performance program leading to competing internationally and at the Paralympic Games.

National Federation
Organisation Website
Tennis Australia
State Federations
State Organisation Website
ACT Tennis ACT
NSW Tennis NSW
NT Tennis NT
QLD Tennis QLD
SA Tennis SA
TAS Tennis TAS
VIC Tennis VIC
WA Tennis West