Sports Summary

Para-cycling made its Paralympic debut at New York/Stoke Mandeville 1984 and has been contested at every Games since.

Para-cycling is open to athletes with a physical or visual impairment and is divided into track and road events. In road cycling, athletes compete on a tandem bike, standard bike, three wheeled trike or handcycle, depending on their impairment. Track cycling is contested in a velodrome and is for athletes who compete on a tandem or standard bicycle.

For more information on Para-cycling Eligibility and How to Get Involved please see the Para-cycling Information Sheet (PDF – 135KB) – updated November 2021.

Events & Disciplines

  • Track events – Time Trial, Individual Pursuit, Team Sprint, Tandem Sprint
  • Road events – Road Race, Time Trial


Para-cycling is open to athletes with a physical or vision impairment. Athletes are required to submit medical reports and meet the minimum impairment criteria in order to compete. Eligibility is determined by trained Classifiers.

For more information on Eligible Impairments and Classification please see the Para-cycling Information Sheet (PDF – 135KB) – updated November 2021.

Rules & Equipment

Road cycling takes place on public roads, which are closed to traffic.

Track cycling takes place on a velodrome made up of two straight sides and two curved ends. International regulations require the length of the track to be such that a whole number of laps or half laps shall give a distance of 1km with a width of 7-10m.

Bicycles, Tricycles, Tandems and Handcycles must conform to the technical regulations of the Union Cyclists International (UCI) and IPC Cycling Rules.

Helmet: During competition, athletes must wear a hard shell protective helmet to a recognized international standard. The helmet colour is standardized depending on the class of the athlete (red, blue, green or white).

Medal History



We encourage those wishing to explore Para-cycling to contact their state federation in the first instance. The national federation link below provides information on the national high performance program leading to competing internationally and at the Paralympic Games.

National Federation
State Federations
ACTAus Cycling
NSWAus Cycling
NTAus Cycling
QLDAus Cycling
SAAus Cycling
TASAus Cycling
VICAus Cycling
WAAus Cycling