Wheelchair basketball was one of the foundation sports on the Paralympic program in Rome, Italy, in 1960, and remains one of the most popular sports at the Paralympic Games.
To be eligible to compete, athletes must have have an objective and measurable permanent physical impairment in their lower limbs which prevents them from running, jumping and pivoting as an able-bodied player.
Players are assigned a point value from 1.0 to 4.5, and a team must not exceed 14.0 points for the five players on court. This ensures that each player has an integral role to play in the team structure, regardless of the degree of their impairment. Observed trunk movements and stability during actual basketball participation, not medical diagnosis, form the basis of player classification.